Gregory Palamas: The Triads. THE CLASSICS OF WESTERN SPIRITUALITY SERIES. Gregory Palamas: The Triads. Edited with an introduction by John. Read the full-text online edition of The Triads (). Gregory Palamas () monk, archbishop and theologian was a major figure in fourteenth-century Orthodox Byzantium. This, his greatest work, presents .
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Gregory Palamas and the Spirit of Humanism: Maimonides and the Latin Scholastics held that God acts solely by Pxlamas Essence, so that all of the supposed divine faculties or attributes refer to His Essence and nothing extrinsic to it. Said model posits a number of descending hierarchies from The One. Gregory is tremendous, of course.
Continued objection in the face of these facts would reduce the Orthodox position to claiming that philosophy has nothing to fregory about theology, yet this is plainly contrary to the implicit belief of the Greek Fathers from Nicaea onward. Meanwhile, some Scholastics, notably St. There are no discussion topics on this book yet. In early Gregory drafted the Hagioritic Tome with the support of the monastic communities of Mount Athos.
F Essence and energies in God.
Such similarity gives reasonable cause for suspecting that most hesychast experiences are naturalistic phenomena. Maximos the Confessor Two Centuries on Theology.
Gregorj Palamas has only shown that the energies as manifested in creation are distinct from the Divine Essence, not that the energies as such are distinct from the Essence.
In either interpretation, it has not yet been established that it is viable to posit an uncreated being that is essentially distinct from God. We agree with Palamas, and contra Barlaam and the Thomists, that in the gergory we will not know God by created intermediaries.
Anybody can merely deny propositions of God with no view towards holiness. The path to harmonization should not involve compromising true monotheism.
The Triads – Saint Gregory Palamas, Gregorius (Palamas.) – Google Books
That act, as something proper to God, is indistinguishable from the Divine Essence. It seems The Triads are more important today than we tend to think–all the more reason I need to wrestle through it again and improve my understanding of Palamas’s work. Thus He is the source of all being, including His essence! It is only from the perspective of the created world that His activity has a beginning and end. According to Basil of Caesarea, as bees are attracted to the good where ever it may be found, we, likewise, need to find and acknowledge the good wherever we may find it.
Barlaam seems to take liberty with Dionysius and that liberty leads to him confusing I’ve got to admit I understood much less of this than I’d like to admit.
This is further confirmed by the fact that Palamas has the persons as hyperousia. Yet that act as manifested in the world is distinct from God. Only those who are chosen are granted this gift, as was the case with the chosen disciples Peter, James and John on Mount Tabor. Of course, such a move is counter to any talk of apophaticism and essence-beyond-essence. E The uncreated Glory.
Gendle remarks in a footnote, St.
Triads (Gregory Palamas)
Throughout his polemic he maintains the apophaticism of the East, using Dionysius the Areopagite, while defending the the mystical perception and union through the uncreated energies. Ryan rated it liked it Nov 21, Admittedly, Palamas does not always clearly distinguish divine energies from divine works erga and divine attributes or virtues. It also seems unquestionable that the Divine Will is uncreated.
Thus when Palamas says that God transcends His energies, this does not contradict the idea that the Essence and energies are coextensive, but rather supposes it. While this has the disadvantage of anticlimax, dealing with the loftiest doctrines first, it seems more consistent with the logical exposition we wish to give. It is in the latter aspect that the divine energies are participable, and may even be bounded in time as Palamas admitted earlierthough they are uncreated.
One might counter this identity by noting that there is generally a distinction between an essence and the fact of its activity, but this distinction is collapsed in God, whose essence is to act. III, iii, 11 Palamas does not identify the energies as manifestations, since he regards them as having prior existence independent of the creature. Thus the angelic intellects participate in a truly eternal glory, not some created surrogate.
The Triads Classics of Western spirituality. Nonetheless, the energies as such are timeless and eternal. God is not merely holiness, immortality, life, etc.
The Triads by Gregory Palamas
It is not the existence of divine power but its determinate manifestation that is created, and since these manifestations are many, we may speak of divine powers in the plural. Palamas, however, is interested in emphasizing the plurality of the energies and their non-identity with the Divine Essence, which requires him to consider them as they are manifested in the world. This, his greatest work, presents a defense in support of the monastic groups known as the “hesychasts,” the originators of the Jesus Prayer.
Dionysian theology would have God transcend Being as He does the attributes. If it is possible to truly participate in energeiafrom a Latin perspective it seems that this would imply participating in the imparticipable Divine Essence. The medieval Scholastics, by contrast, identified physis with ousiai. Divine energy of itself is the Unity that is God.
It is useful to distinguish three senses of illumination: Gregory Palamas was canonized as a saint shortly after his death, and, as in the case of Photius, his real virtues are extolled all the more extravagantly as he is seen as a bulwark against the supposed heresies of the West.